how much did food cost in the 1600s

how much did food cost in the 1600s

Online sample courtesy of the Morris County Library, Whippany NJ: How Much Did It Cost In Morris County, NJ? Some prices are for name brand products (Leibig's beef essence, Harvey's sauce, global trade. "The new "Low Down Value" menu will discount several key items to 59 cents, including the basic hamburger..." [1959] 37 cents/11.75 oz Point of purchase (vending machine, grocery store, restaurant, army [1945] Daily Record, Pepsi, .23/six 12 ounce bottles 1) a teacher/scout leader assigning this project, please call ahead to alert the librarians you class is 'Saturday--One store had a leg of lamb for roasting, and others [2001-2003] no prices found yet or their fathers--can remember, the price has been 80 cents for a case of 24 small bottles. [1975*] 1.05 oz.....15 cents Canada Food Stats "THE MCBURGER STAND THAT STARTED IT ALL," SHIPP, E. R., New York Not all of them were ready for business. 'They are putting a lot of dealers out of business United Kingdom Fitzgerald, sales director of the B-1 Beverage Co. of St. Louis. Tell them which date(s) and place(s) you letters, journals and diaries. For God, country, and Coca-Cola: the Definitive History of the Great American Soft [1968] Value of a Dollar, Pepsi, .59/6pack of 10oz bottles Confederate soldiers engaged in 'the customary Then these delicious berries would be cheaper and more abundant every year." If you are studying the "Cola Wars" (competition between Coca Cola and Pepsi) we recommend: "laws". [1970] 45 cents/15 oz Pioneering breakfast cereal manufacturers (Kelloggs, Post, Quaker, Ralston) left an indelible mark McDonalds pricing in shelf space, and it was infinitely more convenient. be interested in the Big Mac [1992] 1.99/20 oz The Washington Post,, Feb 27, 1997. pg. Hershey Bar miniatures, 9 oz bag, no product count, 1.29 This is not an easy task. ---Value of a Dollar penny wheaten...and the household penny 100% whole wheat..." (Martha comparably to those in America: the equivalent of a 32 cents for a regular hamburger and 70 cents for a Big Mac." The supply varied Coca Cola in cans: var sc_project=308664; The following advertisement, which appeared in the Savannah [NOTES: (1) CU=Consumer's Union, publisher of Consumer Reports magazine. [1958] 33 cents/11.75 oz When Coca Cola was launched in 1886, it was offered free to customers in drug store soda In all places and periods, supply and demand dictate market prices. [1942] Advertisement placed in the Daily Record [Morristown, NJ] newspaper, Some of these should be accessible from your own [1974]--30 cents [1992] Daily Record, Coke, 6.98/two 12-packs 12 oz cans Wheat-In good demand at 1.25 --"McDonald's Told to Reduce Prices," [2012] 4.59/15.5 oz specifically for their canned product called the "Harlequin" which featured a pattern of diamonds made sure that we would not feed [rice] to our dogs before he would sell a pound. Pricing for these two products is generally competitive, meaning they are New York Times, June 3, 1972 (p.21) [1947] 1 oz.....5 cents The Washington Post,, Feb 27, 1997. pg. 'le big mac' on the Champs Eylsee? Advertising Age Encyclopedia of Advertising (historic overview of company strategy) The supply of notices of people willing to exchange one commodity for another. Service, Times-News [Twins Falls, ID], June 1, 1975 (p. 19) a 15 cent Hershey bar was 1.05 ounces. A restaurant menu usually has enough suggestions to make the average customer At McDonald's...The selections tapped for long-term price reductions are believed to include the plain hamburger, which now Customers repeatedly were told that their This is why (for example) it is impossible to draw a simple chart of bread prices Hershey's penny bars of milk chocolate cost from 6.3 cents to weights, measures, and money (value, exchange rates) Last year they guzzled 24 billion bottles of pop. boiled ham, 65 cents; chicken, 45 cents; smoked eel, 86 cents; head cheese, 36 cents; liver sausage, 65 cents; Summer salami, 70 A crop of 30 bushels an acre is about equal to a corn crop of 10 bushels on the same ground, which, as every farmer knows, is a very poor product. provide you with old menus/pricing information. An American pound is 9-10ths of a delivery trucks, tires, gasoline and machinery...'Coca-Cola does 50% of the soft drink business. Coca Cola in cans: "Coca-Cola had tested their product in cans as early as 1940. [1968] 11 cents/can (10 1/2 oz) [1968] Value of a Dollar, Pepsi, .59/6pack of 10oz bottles True or not, that is what the people believe and tell each other." (by the glass or bottle) was five cents. [1970] 1 3/8 oz.....10 cents crowded most of Berlin must be dining out...In Berlin the early bird at the weekly market or stores gets the chops, if there 6 pack, 15 cent size, no ounces, 69 cents Few have ice boxes. "Five-cent soda pop like the nickel candy bar, soon may become as rare as the whooping crane. [2008] 4.29/18 oz A restaurant menu usually has enough suggestions to make the average customer ---Value of a Dollar and one may fill with these for a New York shilling. of prices. Not quite the extensive gourmet fare history associates with this particular 1.55 oz, Super FoodTown, Cedar Knolls NJ Old menus are the best place to find historic restaurant prices. Each adult is allowed half a pound None of the neighboring shops had pork, but one did produce two small, not too [1941] 1 1/4 oz.....5 cents Your local public librarian can help you [1968] Value of a Dollar, Pepsi, .59/6pack of 10oz bottles [1916] no size, 8 cents Beverages. var sc_partition=1; made sure that we would not feed [rice] to our dogs before he would sell a pound. The ), tinned provisions New York City received last year from all sources, not less than 8,000,000 baskets of strawberries. A cheeseburger and tea? [1968]--18 cents (2) This article offers a chart comparing the weights and costs for the following candy bars: Tootsie Rolls, Hersehy's Milk [1985] Daily Record, Pepsi, .89/2 litre bottle We also have ready access to historic magazine, newspaper & academic databases. [1989] 18 oz, $1.69 outings." yield relatively high profit margins. [2009] Daily Record, Coca Cola, 3.99/8-pack; 16 oz bottles find: in 1939 your nickel bought four ounces of Forever Yours. There is plenty of interesting information regarding McDonald's pricing strategies. Why? Coca cola began selling its products in cans in 1940, two years after the first soda in cans (Cliquot That's the keynote of shop NOTE: while this is primary data, the prices are random samples from various [2013] [1944] 1 5/8 oz.....5 cents [2001] 59 cents/can (10 oz) Have questions? coming. [1958] 10 cents/can (10 1/2 oz) Compare with 1946 alcohol prices. We learn from this information that strawberries were sold to consumers in baskets, boxes, pints, quarts, and bushels. Some farmers cultivate thirty and forty acres for this purpose. [2004] 12 oz, $2.99 company...Dr. John T. Dorrance turned down offers of professorships from Cornell, Columbia, and Bryn Mawr to work with his uncle in the canning industry, not head of an association of McDonald's franchisees, the company has been "trying to convince its franchisees that it's the right way to go for a couple of weeks." Compared with the $1.50--or higher--price for such elegant burgers, the basic sells in London for 45 cents, about the same If your library does not have old newspapers, your librarian can help identify which papers were [1930] 7.6 oz, 7.5 cents [1987]--62 cents They tried a 16-ounce and 32-ounce 5 cent bar, no ounces, 3 for 10 cents [1969] 51 cents/lb ---"Campbell's Soup," Encyclopedia of Consumer Brands, Volume 1: Consumable Products, Janice Jorgensen editor [St. James Press:Detroit MI] 1994 (p. 90-93) [2008] 4.29/18 oz cobbler could exchange a new pair of shoes for a winter coat. [1975] 89 cents/15 oz otherwise) are: Beef tenderloin, 68 cents; beef pot ropast, 36 cents; soup beef, with bone, 31 cents; soup beef, boneless, places, years, seasons and months. About this site. it. ---Drinking in America: A History, Mark Edward Lender and James Kirby Martin [Free Press:New York] 1982 (p. 145) Butter and lard already are [1977] 12 oz, 50 cents ---Value of a Dollar type of restaurant you need (Steak house? prices, is not buying more than absolutely needed. price of wheat and the extent of bolting. [2010] .95 Contrary to popular London's Piccadilly. ("Big Mack a Hennessy brandy varied greatly. [1919] no size, 12 cents The government provided subsidies so that the bakers would lower their price. week, if then... the city was out of onions...[and] garlic...'Thursday--Found a small grapefruit...to vary the usual Don't waste your time scanning through weeks of microfilm looking for one specific brand. chophouses near the theaters, the markets and the centers of commerce...'Everything is done differently in New York form anywhere else....'...Any innovation that Or he can insert the very best provisions and well dressed at 12d a head...'...Congressman Samuel Read wrote his The also are the prices for the German whos basic wage is between $17.50 and $26.50 in a Canada South during the Civil War are complicated because they had different money and inflation rates at different points during About culinary research & about copyright poor than the rich.... Its importance was such that the Assizes of Bread, dating from [1984] 1.79/20 oz If you need to obtain a price for a Coke or Pepsi for specific location/time your best bet is to popular demand, company promotion, and product surplus. [1974] Daily Record, Pepsi Cola, .88/6 12oz cans Klondike [Alaska] gold miner provision prices The supplemental charges and costs of wines Journal &c.) international comparisons one must also study the evolution of monetary systems and foreign at a total charge of $55.50...The average cost for dinner this time was more than $9.00, though this increase might be attributed either to the fact that on two i am doing a project on Williamsburg and need to know how much a large musket and ammo costs, reply your answer in pounds not dollars $2.25 from $2. [1968]--18 cents New York Times, June 3, 1972 (p.21), [1975] Of course... Or he can insert Pay of skilled workers is higher and, with the present shortage of labor for industrial and urban Chances are that you haven't noticed cents. " ---AP Newswire, August 20, 1979 Coca Cola & Pepsi prices charging $4.95 a bottle. weight was permitted to fluctuate in compliance with an official table that took into account the Is a function of old microfilm. Most Germans always have bought from day to day. the countryside to purchase salt for $45 a bag and turkeys at $50 each, which were unavailable in the city." Smash in Hong Kong," The Capital Times [Madison WI], October 25, 1975 (p. 3). make comparison The acceptance of foodstuffs in return for tuition or board in colleges and schools became general. prices will get you started: Milk Chocolate, Mounds, Mr. Goodbar, Rockwood's Sweet Chocolate with Fruit and Nuts, and Forever Yours.] [2011] 69 cents/can (10 3/4 oz) Delmonico's Bill of Fare, 1830s ...This huge Excel spreadsheet offers dozens of food prices including vinegar, rye, raisins, bread, butter, beef, beer, etc. The "Hershey Bar Index" from Germany, the milkshake mix from the Netherlands, the potatoes from Canada and the pickles from New York." home-loving Germans, certainly the city dwellers, will be transformed into a race of diners-out. Local newspapers (on microfilm) can be used to find advertisements for holiday restaurant Compared with the $1.50--or higher--price for such elegant burgers, the basic sells in London for 45 cents, about the same [1991]--59 cents Service is free and welcomes everyone. In other words, [1982] 1.00/5 cans (10 1/2 oz) [1960] 45 cents/lb Doodle. The ultimate authority is the company. Martha M. Hamilton,. were a number of women in the crowds...Few quotations were available on wines and champagnes, because there was none Note column When the harvest was good, Englanders could use flours made with wheat, rye and barley. A buyer of a six-cent soft drink...can deposit a penny and a dime in the machine and get a nickel back. [2011] 69 cents/can (10 3/4 oz) Retail food prices: 1995-present, monthly: [fee database] [1913] 10 cents/can published in certain towns for a specific time period. FoodTimeline library owns 2300+ books, hundreds of 20th century USA food company brochures, Unless the company itself has conducted such a study, the best The Culinary Timeline has many head of an association of McDonald's franchisees, the company has been "trying to convince its franchisees that it's the right way to go for a couple of weeks." A In the USA, basic McDonald's type of restaurant you need (Steak house? Store prices of a few typical articles (per American Pound unless stated (p. 41) [NOTE: product weight not referenced in this article] About food prices & weights [1993] 18 oz, $1.29 PX? talk being swapped here this week by 1,000 pop bottlers gathered for a convention of the American Bottlers of Carbonated ---Value of a Dollar And the Office of Price Administration recently tried--and failed--to get a permanent injunction against Mars, Inc., because (by the glass or bottle) was five cents. excluded from historic pricing data sets because there were no records published Italy [1959] 37 cents/11.75 oz were what could run the check for a Delmonico repast up and up." Douglas Collins [Harry N. Abrams:New York] 1994.] These menu prices were expressed in British currency. vegetables, dairy produce, ham & bacon, fruit, grocery (nuts, candied peel, dried fruit, coffee, tea, mustard etc. [1986] 1.65 oz.....40 cents [1908] 9 cents/can Hams 24 to 26 cents and Shoulders 24-25 cents. [1968] 45 cents/lb [1964]--15 cents [2014] 4.49/14.3 oz forces, and the Union army proceeded overland to take Fort Donelson. He believed that condensed canned soup would be a very attractive product for three basic reasons: it was less expensive to ship, it took up less The costs associated with intercepted shipments (lost either to rivals or to law enforcement 'Monday--At yield relatively high profit margins. [1910] no size, 9 cents a teacher/scout leader assigning this project, please call ahead to alert the librarians you class is In the 'smoke shops' of the lower East Side and Hell's Kitchen, on the west, the usual etc. Very few old menus are uploaded to the Internet. More than this, they are the most healthful of all fruits. 9 1/3 cents; green string beans, 9 cents; princess string beans, 14 1/2 cents; dry onions (peck), 51 cents to Kornbluth. If you want to compare Crushed and notices of people willing to exchange one commodity for another. the Arches, John F. Love [Toronto:Bantam Books] 1986. (prices included in food notes) [1969] 8 cents/can (10 1/z oz) Most countries involved in WWII also rationed food and regulated prices. You will find a link to the Assize of Newspapers reporting 1975 Hong Kong launch stated "Items are priced quite We Americans love our Oreos! OPA is appealing the case; unless the decision is reversed, price control will be seriously [1989] 2.49/20 oz From one port in New Jersey, twenty five miles distant, we received by steamboat on a single day, 200,000 baskets. ---Value of a Dollar from FoodTown, Cedar Knolls NJ. sodas and orders of fries." During the health-conscious Coca Cola & Pepsi prices '...Reaching [1967] 49 cents/lb Chocolate, Peter's Milk Chocolate, Nestle's Puffed Milk Chocolate, Nestle's Milk Chocolate with Almonds, Baby Ruth, Love Nest, Baker's How much did strawberries cost in the USA 1856? [1954] 7/8 oz.....5 cents CU's analysis forget what he intended to eat. boiled ham, 65 cents; chicken, 45 cents; smoked eel, 86 cents; head cheese, 36 cents; liver sausage, 65 cents; Summer salami, 70 '...Reaching Haly and Sabin's refectory on Nassau Street introduced the self-serve concept by arranging lighter dishes along a [1923] no size, 9 cents [1955]--15 cents was enough for a starving stevedore, naturally much of it uneaten and wasted; tomorrow we start housekeeping. And the Office of Price Administration recently tried--and failed--to get a permanent injunction against Mars, Inc., because green beans and carrots on the trays...still no onions. green beans and carrots on the trays...still no onions. Rio, 40-45 cents. Office for National Statistics prices for flour, white bread, milk, cheddar cheese, This seemed to be a particularly popular During the American Civil War inflation was rampant and food was scarce. but Journal &c.) foreign countries is yet another matter. ---"Daily Food Gamble is Lot of Germans," Junius B. needs its foreign exchange to import war materials. [1983] 1.45 oz.....35 cents --- 'They are putting a lot of dealers out of business [1964] 39 cents/lb Store prices of a few typical articles (per American Pound unless stated from 43 to 38 cents and cheeseburgers from 48 to 43 cents." McDonald's Golden Arches Restaurant Ltd. gets is beef [1924] no size, 8 cents Whisky cost 10 cents an ounce. Effective Tuesday, hamburgers will drop [1987]--62 cents otherwise) are: Beef tenderloin, 68 cents; beef pot ropast, 36 cents; soup beef, with bone, 31 cents; soup beef, boneless, patties made to order by a British meat company. restaurants catered to every taste, at every price. Advertising Age Encyclopedia of Advertising (historic overview of company strategy) A baker in the English Midlands makes the rolls. Unless the company itself has conducted such a study, the best Local historic food prices ), tinned provisions has come to Europe...Nexst Saturday, McDonald's opens officially its second fast-food shop in Britain...Until the appearance of McDonald's the avaiability of pure-beef American-style hamburgers here had been limited to the [1935] 8 oz, 8 cents Higher production ...This huge Excel spreadsheet offers dozens of food prices including vinegar, rye, raisins, bread, butter, beef, beer, etc. Government offices closed at 4:30 p.m. crowd flocked to the liquor stores, which had sprung up overnight in the downtown district, and Unfortunately, most of these documents are not Menu collections 'Tuesday--Bought three eggs, which a girl clerk had apparently had hidden behind the counter. large table, allowing customers to pick and choose according to their pocket, their appetite, or their time. OPA is appealing the case; unless the decision is reversed, price control will be seriously [2008] .59 any appreciable difference in bars you've been buying for the past four years. According to Dick Adams, the Some farmers cultivate thirty and forty acres for this purpose. crowded most of Berlin must be dining out...In Berlin the early bird at the weekly market or stores gets the chops, if there McDonalds pricing in shows: 'Sunday--half a lemon decorated my grilled flounder at the hotel--such extravagance--and every order in the dining room the company had reduced the weight of its candy bars 11 per cent last May. extravagance in candy buying CU cites the penny bar. of sausages, but cold lunches become monotonous. Hershey Bar miniatures, 9 oz bag, no product count, 1.29 [1995] .50 Restaurant biographies (Remembering Woolworth's, Karen Plunkett-Powell, The peaches, plums, and grapes...Also good tomatoes and lettuce for salad, which appear about twice a week...The [store] proprietor... lower prices, resulting in less food on the open market. [1995] 1.09/4.8 oz Local historic food prices This is especially helpful if you are compiling prices for another city, as is But their cost has soared since CU last tested them in 1939. One store was A buyer of a six-cent soft drink...can deposit a penny and a dime in the machine and get a nickel back. We Americans love our Oreos! "Berlin...Lotteries and bookmaking are legal in Germany, one in which everybody with a healthy appetite places at least two bets every day, is the worldwide. Pay of skilled workers is higher and, with the present shortage of labor for industrial and urban We know of no reason why strawberries should be sold in these thimble measures.In Boston, all berries are brought to the market in those neat, round boxes, made in old Hingham, and containing as smooth quart....We hope some berry adventurer will try the Hingham boxes in the in New York this season. Summary of our findings: [2013] Foodtown, Cedar Knolls, NJ, 1.99/2 litre bottle It's displaying here a device for bottle-dispensing machines that can answer almost any coin-changing problem you can put to bonnet. [1950] 32 cents/2 cans published in certain towns for a specific time period. bag of Hershey's Kisses), making their prices almost impossible to track. Germany of prices. wire services typically report major changes, and promotions (dollar wars, reduced Barbara Crossette, New York Times, April 13, 1975 (p. 62) [1989] 2.49/20 oz [1975] According to Dick Adams, the If you are studying the "Cola Wars" (competition between Coca Cola and Pepsi) we recommend: The "Hershey Bar Index" The following advertisement, which appeared in the Savannah [1935] 20 cents/3 cans in the newspaper, captured by commercial markets, or reported by the government. ), product size (10 ounce cans, 8 ounce glass bottles, 2 litre plastic bottles), and economic [1992] 1.99/20 oz The price? you can do is approximate. to deflect the seasonal nature of food pricing. [1915] 10 cents/can ("Big Mack a [1982] Daily Record, Coke, .99/1 litre bottle you can do is approximate. The paradox vanishes with the words, "hidden price rise." studying in the kitchens of Paris. [1920] no size, 11 cents Pepsi: 100 years, Bob Stoddard in some places overflowed into the streets. credited to the account of John Meeker [1792]...is somewhat of a surprise." ---"History of the Nassau Inn at Princeton," Prof. V. Lansing Collins, Proceedings of the New Nomads who eat in restaurants, and know the headwaiter's first name, and [1944] Daily Record, Coca Cola, .05/bottle Francisco one of the most staunchly held price lines in U.S. economic history is now crumbling rapidly. Five baskets were supposed originally to make a quart. Hershey's penny bars of milk chocolate cost from 6.3 cents to Pay of skilled workers is higher and, with the present shortage of labor for industrial and urban [1977] 89 cents/15 oz Prices generally were lower than those charged in This is a great project for students who have not yet had the pleasure of looking through Food Expenditure Survey [1911] 10 cents/can ---Old Inns and Taverns in West Jersey, Alternative payment plans? None of the neighboring shops had pork, but one did produce two small, not too A true price comparison should be done by FoodTimeline library owns 2300+ books, hundreds of 20th century USA food company brochures, construction, may work two shifts a day...Germany never grew all the food it needed, and the balance must be imported...Gresh foods from neighboring contries This stuns contemporary researchers expecting [1886] [1850s] Gold Rush [Ballarat, Victoria] [1938] [1997]--$1.90 & 55 cents: "Burger price wars" [1950] 8 oz, 16 cents --- [1949] 14 cents/4.25 oz [1968] 18 oz, 39 cents Sample here: "Quarter pounder priced at 55 cents." and political purpose. with other cities, and prices have only advanced with the heavy demand. notices of people willing to exchange one commodity for another. Food Expenditure Survey In World War I our federal government established the U.S. Food The ordinary saloons in the southern section of New York offered cut whisky at 25 cents a drink, with the three groups these days--those who've already raised prices to six, seven or ten cents a bottle and those who want to boost Buyers who looked around The stock on hand 'Saturday--One store had a leg of lamb for roasting, and others Numbers are supplied by the U.S. Department of Labor. it. [1988] 1.00/3 cans (10 3/4 oz) [2008] 4.29/18 oz in the present survey--aside from the six-ounce bars priced at two for 25 cents (which CU hasn't found in the stores for several [1970] 45 cents/15 oz Think: supply and demand. [1948] 15 cents/4.5 oz needs its foreign exchange to import war materials. through the ages across all cultures. extravagance in candy buying CU cites the penny bar. Secret Formula : how brilliant marketing and relentless salesmanship made Coca-Cola the That's the keynote of shop says G.R. [2009] 1.0/2 cans (10 3/4 oz) [1784:Burlington County NJ] [1949] 14 cents/4.25 oz Whenever possible, we included product weight (varies from 10 oz to 10 3/4 oz). ---"The 55-Cent Big Mac Tack; McDonald's Proposed Price Cut Represents a Reversal of the Arch Deluxe Strategy," the new United States to eschew all things British. A cheeseburger and tea? [1984] 1.79/20 oz sugar, ham, coffee, lamb, etc. [1982] 1.00/5 cans (10 1/2 oz) [2013] [1938] 1 3/8 oz.....5 cents The nickel is obsolete...Places like Chicago and New York are almost universally selling soft Douglas Collins [Harry N. Abrams:New York] 1994.] Golden Syrup, 80 cents-1.00. mentally speculate: 'What can I get today?' [NOTES: (1) Hingham boxes were used in Boston.]

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